England is the largest and the most populous of the four countries, which form the United Kingdom of Great Britain. It covers an area of approx 130,000
km² occupying the south-eastern portion of the island of Great Britain. The population is around 49,000,000 and the capital city is London.
The English language is spoken by millions of people around the world. It originated as the language of England, where it remains the principal tongue today.
The local currency is the British Pound.
When "England" was invaded by Julius Caesar in 55 BC, and then again the next century by the Emperor Claudius, it was inhabited by Celtic tribes collectively called "Britons." The whole southern part of the island (roughly corresponding to modern day England and Wales) became a part of the Roman Empire until finally abandoned early in the 5th century. Unaided by Roman legions, Roman Britannia could not resist the Germanic tribes who arrived in the 5th and 6th centuries, pushing the Britons back into modern-day Wales, Cumbria and Cornwall. The invaders fell into three main groups: the Jutes, the Saxons, and the Angles. Real unity came as a response to the Danish Viking incursions, which occupied the eastern half of "England" in the 8th century. In 1066 Duke William of Normandy killed the last Saxon King at the Battle of Hastings and took control of the country.
The history of England as an independent country stretches on through the Middle Ages to the reign of Elizabeth I. Elizabeth's successor, James I was already king of Scotland, and this personal union of the two crowns was followed a century later by the Act of Union 1707 which finally joined England and Scotland into the present-day United Kingdom.
For some great walks in Britain check out our walking holidays in England. You are now on one of the top 10 walking websites, where we shall do all we
can to help you plan your walking holiday. Our walks list is growing, and we now offer over 50 of the best walks in the UK.
Can we help you? Don't forget you can always contact us by phone on +44 1600 713008 during office hours, or send an email with any questions you may have. We are always pleased to hear from you.
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Our holidays are each marked with a walking level. You can find out more about our grading system below.
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